NATURAL SCIENCES

Journal of fundamental
and
applied researches

THE STUDY AND KEEPING OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF ARBOREAL PLANTS IN KALMYK REPUBLIC

2016. №3, pp. 7-13

Baktasheva Nadeshda M. - D.Sc. (Biology), Professor, Kalmyk State University, 1 Pushkina Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, baktashevanm@yandex.ru

Boschamdzheva Svetlana G. - Ph.D. (Biology), Kalmyk State University, 1 Pushkina Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, bos_sg@mail.ru

Arsenov Yakov E. - undergraduate, Kalmyk State University, 1 Pushkina Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, yakob13@yandex.ru

The article describes the peculiarities of growing, systematic structure, biological diversity of arboreal plants of Kalmyk Republic and its biological significance, the data of their distribution on the stock areas. Natural arboreal plants in the investigated region do not grow. Artificial forest planting is the unique way of afforestation in the very drought areas of growing. They have an important ecological, social role being the place of habitat of rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, resting place of animals, gathering of medicinal plants and fruits.

Key words: систематическая структура, биологическое разнообразие, флора, Республика Калмыкия, Ергенинская возвышенность, растительные сообщества, засушливый климат, лесные полосы, древесная растительность, кустарники, кустарнички, фитоинтродуценты, экобиоморфы, syst

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