NATURAL SCIENCES

Journal of fundamental
and
applied researches

THE ADAPTABILITY OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM HUMAN IN EMPATHOGENIC EFFECTS

2017. 3, pp. 68-78

Petrov Vladislav V. - D.Sc. (Medicine), Associate Professor, Astrakhan branch of the South Russian Humanitarian Institute, 56a N. Ostrovskogo Str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, glavlordmn@mail.ru

Teply David L. - D.Sc. (Biology), Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyana Sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, dima.tepliy@yandex.ru

The most important aspect of human health is its interaction with various anthropogenic environmental factors. Among them, the leading positions are occupied by industrial pollutants, differing in the specificity of action on the human body. The most important aspect of this problem is to study the impact exopathogenic factors on the respiratory system of a person, primarily on the upper sections (nasal cavity and respiratory tract). The structure of the nasal cavity and the mucosa of the tracheobronchial system is most exposed to industrial toxicants, that causes the greatest frequency of lesions of these divisions of the respiratory system. The article presents a review of the scientific data on the study of the specific impact of industrial pollutants on the human respiratory tract based on their physico-chemical properties and specific features of influence of various structural components and the functional state of the respiratory system. Presents data on the experimental modeling empathogenic changes of the upper respiratory tract, discusses the importance of toxicants in the development premorbidly conditions and related diseases of the human respiratory tract.

Key words: , , , , , , , , respiratory system, human factors, mucous membrane, nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi, light, industrial pollutants

Read