Естественные науки

Журнал фундаментальных
прикладных исследований

Fundamental paradigm of modeling the biosphere and its ecosystems

2012. №3, Стр. 96-104

Lankin Yuliy P. - Ph.D. (Enginereng), Krasnoyarsk Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, lan7@mail.ru

Ivanova Natalya S. - Ph.D. (Agricultury), Institute Botanic Garden, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, i.n.s@bk.ru

The necessity of the development of a new scientific paradigm for modeling and forecasting of the behavior of the biosphere and ecosystems is grounded. It is proposed to solve the existing methodological problems by reflecting the fundamental properties of living systems (attractiveness, adaptability, fractality, and network organization) in the theory and the model used. The importance of the development of an information concept based on network models is discussed. It is shown that the concepts of three types should be combined: substrate, energy, and information. Based on the proposed solutions, the possibility of significant simplification of building the models of complex systems by means of the simulation of gradual formalization of knowledge is considered.

Ключевые слова: Ecology, Ecosystems, Biosphere, Networks of organisms, Mathematical modeling, Concept of adaptive self-organization, Fractals, Complex systems, Evolution, Prediction