NATURAL SCIENCES

Journal of fundamental
and
applied researches

Vegetation and flora of thedernovinnocereal steppeon the territory of Kalmyk Republic

2012. 4, pp. 15-20

Dzhapova Raisa R. - D.Sc. (Biology), Associate Professor, Kalmyk State University, 11 Pushkin Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, djapova04@mail.ru

Baktasheva Nadezhda M. - D.Sc. (Biology), Professor, Kalmyk State University, 11 Pushkin Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, estnauki2009@rambler.ru

Yegorova Yelena L. - Ph.D. (Biology), Associate Professor, Kalmyk State University, 11 Pushkin Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation, estnauki2009@rambler.ru

The staff members of the Department of Botany and Zoology at Kalmyk State University have conducted a biocomplex study in the field of steppe vegetation in the territory of the Kalmyk Republic. The covered area (about 100 hectares) annually suffers from anthropogenic stress during the flowering period of the Tulipa schrenkii. Within the studied area, 14 types of rare plants are grown, with these recommended as additions to the Red Book of Kalmykia. The evaluation has examined the vegetation and flora of the area, the physiological and morphological adaptations of rare plants to environmental conditions, and the dynamics of the rare plant population. It has also investigated in depth the fauna of the area: both among vertebrates and invertebrates. In conclusion, this research presents data on vegetation and flora within the biocomplex study area. It notes that the areas high diversity of plant types takes part in the formation of a rich herb and cereal community according to different seasonal rhythms of development.

Key words: steppe area,flora,vegetation,rare plant types,biodiversity,chestnut soil

Read