NATURAL SCIENCES

Journal of fundamental
and
applied researches

THE HISTORY OF EVOLUTION AND THE ACTUAL STATUS OF CARP BREEDING IN EGYPT

2018. 3, pp. 28-39

Mahmoud Elnakeeb - postgraduate student, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumiana Sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, mahmoud.biotech@azhar.edu.eg

Vasileva Lidiya M. - D.Sc. (Agriculturae), Head of Centre, Research and Education Centre “Sturgeon Breeding”, Astrakhan State University, build. P, 96 S. Perovskoy Str., Astrakhan, 414000 Russian Federation, bios94@mail.ru

Anokhina Adelya Z. - P.D. (Biology), Senior Researcher, Research and Education Centre “Sturgeon Breeding”, Astrakhan State University, build. P, 96 S. Perovskoy Str., Astrakhan, 414000 Russian Federation, bios94@mail.ru

In the modern conditions of natural aquatic bioresource depletion aquaculture receives a large development effort providing food supply security and saturation of the consumer market with valuable protein produce. The following review article looks into the issues of carp breeding development in Egypt: the history and modern status, different carp species growth techniques, feeds and fish foddering as well as consumer market condition in Egypt. Numerous russian and foreign literary sources analysis shows the interest to the problem of carp breeding since ancient Egypt. The drawings in the temples and Pharaoh’s tomb bear evidence to this fact. At present Egypt takes the ninth place in fish produce manufacturing on a worldwide scale and the first place among countries of the African continent. Egyptian carp breeding uses extensive, semi-intensive and intensive growth techniques. Among total country’s fish breeding produce the overall production of carp is in second place after tilapia with annual output of 250 thousand tons of fish. In the short term a substantial carp breeding production output increase is prospective with strong governmental support of this aquaculture direction.

Key words: , , , , , , , , , - , , Egypt, aquaculture, carp, growth technique, production volume, corves, ponds, reservoirs, fry, mono and polyc

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